E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 4, Issue 3, 2024

PCOD and Periodontal Disease: A Narrative Review

Author(s): S Varsha, Dr. S Vaishnavi


Objective: The objective of this narrative review is to summarize the current knowledge on the correlation between Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD and periodontal disease and to make recommendations for monitoring and improving oral health of females with PCOD by creating awareness.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age1.About 1 in 5 Indian females are affected with PCOD.Previous studies also showed that periodontal diseases are associated with different components of the metabolic syndrome1.

Methods: To conduct this narrative review, PubMed was used to search for peer-reviewed articles on the Correlation between PCOD and periodontal disease. No limits were placed on the year of publication, but only articles translated into English were considered. Search terms used included “PCOD”, “periodontitis”, “Periodontal disease”, “oral health” and “dental”.

Results: Studies reveal that PCOD and periodontal disease are strongly connected. A Meta-analysis revealed that PCOS females have 28% more risk towards PD, and PD females have 46% more risk to have PCOS2. Recent studies also suspects that PD females possess high risk to trigger PCOD3. PCOD females with PD had higher gum bleeding, periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachment loss than non-PCOS females with PD4.

Conclusion: This narrative review revealed a high risk of periodontal disease in PCOD patients. With the knowledge about the risk factors, it is very assertive to avoid such an easily preventable disease by simple precautions. PCOD becoming a leading disease in India, it is necessary to create awareness about its consequences to reduce the co-morbidities and improve the quality of life.

Keywords: PCOD, Periodontal Disease, India

Pages: 673-678

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