E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 4, Issue 3, 2024

Impact of Arterial Hypotension During Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery on the Newborn at Kouba Hospital

Author(s): M Matouk, N Saadi, F Chettibi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.62225/2583049X.2024.4.3.2741


Introduction: Spinal anesthesia is commonly used for cesarean deliveries but can lead to maternal hypotension, a frequent complication that may adversely affect the fetus. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of post-spinal hypotension for cesarean delivery and identify associated risk factors.

Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study conducted at Kouba Hospital over one month. Inclusion criteria were patients admitted for scheduled or emergency cesarean under spinal anesthesia after informed consent, without absolute contraindication to spinal anesthesia, baseline blood pressure ≥100 mmHg, and heart rate ≤100 bpm. Patients were excluded if hypotensive, vagotonic, had pre-existing cardiac disease, or received general anesthesia. All patients received 8 mg 0.5% bupivacaine, 2.5 μg sufentanil, and 100 μg intrathecal morphine with standard monitoring and 250 ml fluid preloading. Hypotension was defined as ≥20% decrease from baseline blood pressure. Data collected included demographics, obstetric history, and anesthetic/surgical details. Analysis was done using EPI Info software.

Results: 42 parturients were included, mostly ASA II, with mean BMI 26.5±4.1 kg/m2 and gestational age 37.4±2.1 weeks. 50% had a history of hypotension in previous cesareans, and 68% underwent emergency cesarean. Sensory block reached T4 level on average. Hypotension incidence was 80%, with 40% requiring additional fluids and mean 15±10 mg ephedrine. Despite hypotension, most neonates had satisfactory Apgar scores. High BMI, emergency cesarean, and previous hypotension history were significantly associated with increased hypotension risk.

Discussion: The high 80% hypotension incidence aligns with literature reports of 70-90%, likely exacerbated by using isobaric/hypobaric rather than hyperbaric bupivacaine. Identified risk factors were consistent with published data. Prompt management likely prevented major neonatal consequences.

Conclusion: Intraoperative hypotension is frequent after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Guidelines recommend a standardized approach with fluid loading, vasopressors, and lateral tilt positioning to prevent maternal and fetal complications. Larger studies are needed to further characterize risk factors.

Keywords: Spinal Anesthesia, Cesarean Delivery, Hypotension, Neonatal Outcome, Risk factors

Pages: 57-59

Download Full Article: Click Here