E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 4, 2023

Comparison of Elective Versus Emergency Abdominal Surgery in Terms of Surgical Site Infection

Author(s): Dr. Muhammad Abid, Dr. Junaid Iqbal, Dr. Irfanullah, Dr. Muhammad Ayaz, Dr. Yousaf Tahir, Dr. Muhammad Sannan


Objective: To compare elective versus emergency abdominal surgery in terms of surgical site infection.

Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Setting: Department of General Surgery, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar.
Duration of Study: This study was conducted from 1st October 2021 to 1st April 2022.

Subjects and Methods: A total of 282 patients of both genders underwent elective abdominal surgeries and emergency abdominal surgeries were included in the study. Any surgical site infection found till the 30th postoperative day was noticed. The total hospital stay was noted.

Results: Age range in this study was 18 to 60 years with mean age of 34.035±6.18 years, mean time required for operative procedure 110.865±24.10 minutes and mean hospital stay was 4.085±1.13 days in Group A and mean age of 36.205±6.54 years, mean time required for operative procedure 112.198±21.30 minutes and mean hospital stay was 4.992±1.09 days in Group B. Surgical site infection was observed in 10 (7.1%) patients in elective group A as compare to 38 (27%) patients in emergency group B (P= 0.000).

Conclusion: Our study has concluded that emergency abdominal surgery is associated with surgical site infection.

Keywords: Abdominal Surgery, Emergency, Surgical Site Infection

Pages: 1079-1083

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