International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 2, Issue 6, 2022
Tempo-Spatial Price Analysis of Factors Affecting Processing Performance of Fresh Tomato in Kano State, Nigeria
Author(s): Safiyanu SA, Umar SU
The study analyzed the tempo-spatial price analysis of factors affecting processing performance of fresh tomato in Kano State, Nigeria. Supply chain actors were sampled through a multi-stage sampling procedure. The overall sample size for the entire study was 808 drawn from four Local Governments, consisting of 101 selected from cluster. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to obtained the required information to answer the research questions for the study. Results showed limited participation of women in the supply chain, as most of the wholesalers and retailers were male represented by (97.3%). The results further show that the majority (87.2%) were married, it could be deduced that (53.0%) of tomato farmers in the study area attended at least primary schools with only a few (4%) of the marketers that have attended tertiary institutions. The results from processing performance shows that, 1 ton (1000Kg) of tomato paste requires about 8 tons of fresh tomatoes (8000Kg) which costs a processor N320,000. This cost of raw materials constitutes about 63% of the total processing cost by the processor. Water has the least cost N 25550 which is about 5% of the total cost followed by depreciation on equipment which represent about 6% of the total cost processing. Fuel and Electricity costs constitute about 14% and 12% of the total processing costs, respectively. Moreover, the results revealed that an average price of 1 ton of tomato paste is N 725,000. Meanwhile, the processing margin per 1 ton of paste is about N215,000. The results show that the F-statistic which measures how the variables included in the model jointly explained the dependent variable was found to be significant at 1% and the R-square value which measures the overall contribution of the independent variables was found to be 69.6%, implying that 69.6% of the profit margin earned by the processor was due to the variables included in the regression model. The result of the factors influencing the profit margin earned by tomato processors show that, the F-statistic which measures how the variables included in the model jointly explained the dependent variable was found to be significant at 1% and the R-square value which measures the overall contribution of the independent variables was found to be 69.6%, implying that 69.6% of the profit margin earned by the processor was due to the variables included in the regression model. it further revealed that 80% of the variables included in the model were significant. Finally, this study recommended that; female participation should be encouraged to maintain gender balance, producers should observe vigilant supervision during harvesting of tomatoes, all actors should adopt the use of plastic crates.
Keywords: Tempo-Spatial Price, Tomato, Nigeria
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