E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 6, 2023

Prolonged QTc and Antipsychotic Medication

Author(s): Bharadwaj Adithya Sateesh, Nicole Gousy, Girma M Ayele, Hari Devkota, Mahlet Siraga, Saad A Kareem, Miriam B Michael


Antipsychotic medications play a crucial role in managing various psychiatric conditions, but their use is associated with potential risks, notably prolonged QT intervals, which can lead to severe cardiovascular events. This comprehensive review analyzes current evidence on antipsychotic medication use in patients with prolonged QT intervals. Utilizing systematic review methodologies following PRISMA guidelines, the literature search identified relevant studies from PubMed and Science Direct databases. The review emphasizes the need for careful consideration of the benefits and risks associated with antipsychotic medications. Genetic variations, particularly in cytochrome P450 enzymes and ion channels, contribute to the susceptibility of QT prolongation. Patients with schizophrenia face an increased risk of cardiovascular events, necessitating close monitoring of the QT interval during antipsychotic treatment. Haloperidol and risperidone exhibit distinct QT effects, while quetiapine appears relatively safe. Recent studies also suggest a potential link between antipsychotic use, Brugada Syndrome, and other cardiac conditions in patients with schizophrenia. Elderly patients receiving antipsychotics require vigilant monitoring, particularly with polypharmacy regimens. In the emergency department, droperidol's safety for acute use is affirmed, challenging previous FDA warnings. Critical care and postoperative settings show varying effects of antipsychotics on QT intervals, with quetiapine demonstrating relative safety. Risk factors for QT prolongation in medical inpatients highlight the importance of routine monitoring. Psychiatric diseases present a gray area for QTc monitoring, prompting the need for risk stratification guidelines. Studies examining QTc in malignancy-related antiemetic regimens and the pediatric population underscore the importance of cautious antipsychotic use in these contexts. This review provides a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted relationship between antipsychotic medications, QT prolongation, and cardiovascular risks, emphasizing the need for tailored monitoring strategies and further research to refine guidelines.

Keywords: Prolonged QTc, Antipsychotic, United States

Pages: 880-890

Download Full Article: Click Here