E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 6, 2023

Creating New Materials and Technologies to Reduce the Environmental Impact of Human Activity

Author(s): Godswill Udo Nwankwo, Ogunwoye Faith Oluwatobi, Chienyem Ngozi Okeke, Odoh Tochukwu Michael, Oloyede Emmanuel, Ayodele Alexander Adedotun, Orume Maryam Sylvanus, Orji Marcellinus Chiadikobi, Ayegboyin Stephen Pelumi, Ugwu Rita Ujunwa, Philip Sorongi Haggai, Ebenyi Chukwuka Kingsley, Muhammad Shakir Ibrahim


Escalating global environmental concerns have triggered a compelling call to reduce the ecological impact of human activities. This comprehensive review manuscript explores recent advancements in materials and technologies, designed to alleviate the harmful environmental consequences of human actions. This review delves into diverse domains, including sustainable energy solutions, eco-friendly construction materials, waste reduction strategies, and sustainable transportation options, showcasing noteworthy progress. Promising candidates like perovskite solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, and hydrogen fuel cells hold the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and safeguard finite resources. Simultaneously, materials like eco-conscious concrete, mass timber, and insulated concrete forms (ICFs) aim to minimize the environmental impact of constructed environments. Effective strategies for waste reduction, such as composting, recycling, and anaerobic digestion, provide viable approaches for resource preservation. The increasing prevalence of sustainable transportation choices, exemplified by electric vehicles (EVs), public transit, and active transportation, signals a shift toward environmentally friendly mobility alternatives. While these developments present substantial promise for environmental protection, their widespread acceptance faces challenges linked to factors like technological maturity, material availability, economic considerations, and infrastructure prerequisites. Nevertheless, the undeniable transformative potential of these emerging materials and technologies remains intact. In conclusion, this review underscores the urgent necessity for a collective effort that involves government, industry, and academia to expedite the development and assimilation of these innovations. By overcoming these remaining obstacles, we clear a path for a more sustainable future that benefits all of humanity.

Keywords: Hydrogen Fuel Cells, Green Concrete, Mass Timber, Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs), Composting, Recycling, Anaerobic Digestion, Electric Vehicles (EVs), Public Transportation, Environmental Sustainability

Pages: 764-768

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