E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 6, 2023

Overcoming Students’ Misconception on Moon Phases: A Classroom Action Research

Author(s): Chia Yee Kin, Lim Siu Hui, Kiew Shi Ping, Rhodian Koo Ren Jian, Ivan Lau Zhi Wei, Ling Yu Rou, Samri Chongo, Noraini Lapawi


Computing technology plays a pivotal role in 21st-century education, particularly in Science subjects, by integrating STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) to solve problems. One common area where misconceptions arise is the topic of Moon Phases. To address this challenge, an innovative project titled MoonCix intervention was developed. The aim of MoonCix is to enhance Year Five students' understanding and motivation of Moon Phases by leveraging computing technology. This initiative focuses on creating an interactive classroom environment using technological tools for teaching Moon Phases. An action research study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of MoonCix as an intervention. The study involved 50 students, with 25 students forming the treatment group and another 25 students forming the control group. MoonCix was developed using Scratch programming, incorporating a compelling storyline and gamification elements to engage students. The treatment group experienced the MoonCix intervention, while the control group received traditional teaching methods. The findings of the study demonstrated that the MoonCix created through Scratch programming, improved students' understanding and motivation of Moon Phases. The incorporation of interactive story-line content and gamification elements in MoonCix not only effectively addressed misconceptions among the students but also showcased the transformative potential of utilizing Scratch programming in teaching and learning. By engaging in immersive narratives and game-based activities, MoonCix not only enhanced their scientific understanding but also successfully dismantled existing misconceptions. This highlights the power of innovative educational technologies, specifically Scratch programming, in not just teaching science but actively overcoming barriers to learning, making the educational process more engaging, effective and impactful.

Keywords: Moon Phases, Scratch Programming, Misconception, Science Education

Pages: 375-379

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