E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 5, 2023

The Role of Labor Migration and Remittance in Changing Caste Relations in a Village of Western Nepal

Author(s): Guman Singh Khattri


This article explores the enduring impact of the caste system in Nepal and its changing dynamics because of the labor migration and remittances. The caste system has exerted a significant influence on social dynamics, societal roles, and disparities within Nepalese culture. Despite concerted efforts to address and mitigate caste-based prejudice, vestiges of this system persist and exert influence on several aspects of everyday existence. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in international labor migration, primarily influenced by many economic, social, and historical variables. Notably, the inflow of remittances has emerged as a crucial component in Nepal's economy. This study examines the impact of labor migration and remittances on traditional caste positions, social interactions, and commensality regulations in a village of western Nepal, using fieldwork as the primary research method. This study utilizes qualitative data obtained from interviews conducted with migrant workers, households receiving remittances, and different caste communities. The purpose is to analyze the transformations in societal attitudes and behaviors concerning caste discrimination and inter-caste relationships. It underscores the importance of conducting a thorough and critical evaluation of the effects of labor migration and remittances in the context of challenging the caste system and promoting improved inter-caste interactions.

Keywords: Migration, Remittance, Western Nepal

Pages: 867-876

Download Full Article: Click Here