E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 3, 2023

Profile of Anemia at the Children of 0 to 59 Months Tidy to the General Hospital of Reference of Kabondo in Kisangani City, D. R. Congo

Author(s): Aimee Charlotte O Osako, Joseph-Desire Oleko WA Oleko


The majority of people in developing countries live in total poverty. Severe anemia is an important risk factor for infant mortality and constitutes a public health problem. In most cases, it requires urgent medical care through blood transfusions with a very high hospital bed occupancy rate. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the anemia profile of children aged 0 to 59 months treated at the Kabondo General Reference Hospital during the year 2022.

From the consultation register of the general reference hospital of Kabondo, pediatric department, 272 cases had been recorded and on the basis of the selection criteria, 74 cases were retained. At the end of our investigations, we observed: Severe anemia represents a significant morbid burden with a hospital prevalence of 27.2%, especially in children aged 12 to 23 months (22.9%), predominantly female (55.4%). The clinical signs were dominated by digestive disorders (95.9%) and fever (70.3%). 83.8% of cases were cured against 10.8% death. These results confirm the effectiveness of case management by antianaemics at 95.9% and by antibiotic therapy at 70.3%. This study provides more technical information on the patterns of case management of anemia in children of poor parents living in urban areas.

Keywords: Prevalence of Anemia, Children of 0 to 59 Month, General Hospital of Reference of Kabondo, Kisangani City, D. R. Congo

Pages: 586-590

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