E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 3, Issue 3, 2023

Growth Trend of Pearl Millet and its Impact on Indian Economy: Performance Analysis

Author(s): Dr. Prabha Rani, Charu Singh, Dr. Kishore Kumar


The Indian economy is an agro-economy and depends highly on the agricultural sector. Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture. India is the largest producer of millets in the world. Accounting for 20% of global production and 80% of Asia's production. Millets provide food security to millions of households and contribute to the economic efficiency of farming. Millets are grown in about 21 States. There is a major impetus in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Gujarat. In India, millets are cultivated in an area of 13.83 M ha, producing 17.26 M tones with a yield of 1248 kg per ha. Sorghum is the fourth most important food grain in India after rice, Wheat and Maize in terms of area (4.09 M ha) and production (3.47 m Mt). India is the topmost producer of Barnyard (99.9%), Finger (53.3%), Kodo (100%), Little (100%) and Pearl (44.5%), producing 12.46 million metric tones from an area of 8.87 million ha. Pearl millet is important millet of India, second to sorghum in area and production. This article will examine pearl millet production and agronomic issues and future prospects, and research and development challenges.

Keywords: Agriculture, Millets, Pearl Millet, Economy, Growth Rate, Production, Productivity

Pages: 162-166

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